PyZX: Large scale automated diagrammatic reasoning

Aleks Kissinger (Redboud University), John van de Wetering (Radboud University)

The ZX-calculus is a graphical language for reasoning about ZX-diagrams, a tensor network-like language that can represent arbitrary linear maps between qubits. Using the ZX-calculus, we can intuitively reason about quantum mechanics, and optimise and validate quantum circuits. In this paper we introduce PyZX, an open source library for automated reasoning with large ZX-diagrams. We give a brief introduction to the ZX-calculus, then show how PyZX implements methods for circuit optimisation, equality validation, and visualisation and how it can be used in tandem with other software. We end with a set of challenges that when solved would enhance the utility of automated diagrammatic reasoning.